If you are getting this error it's probably because you have one or more echo statments on your .bashrc or .bash_profile files (like we did here - customizing your bash shell with a welcome message or your nic's ips).

Well, i found this script (here), and it allows to verify if a shell is a login shell or not and if it is (i.e. vsftp) all we need to do is not to echo anything. It's not perfect but it's the better solution I could find (let me know if you have a better one).

function is_ssh() {
  read pid name x ppid y < <( cat /proc/$p/stat )
  # or: read pid name ppid < <(ps -o pid= -o comm= -o ppid= -p $p) 
  [[ "$name" =~ sshd ]] && { echo "Is SSH : $pid $name"; return 0; }
  [ "$ppid" -le 1 ]     && { echo "Adam is $pid $name";  return 1; }
  is_ssh $ppid

is_ssh $PPID
exit $?

Here's the end result:


If you want you can print a welcome message that will show every time you login or launch a new terminal.

To do that you just have to edit your .bashrc file or your .bash_profile if you just want to display the message in login shells (and not in no-login shells) and add the line :

echo " ********* Welcome $USER ********** "

like you see here:

In this video, we learn how to mount an usb external hdd with ntfs filesystem through the linux command line interface (cli).

In the end we add an entry to the /etc/fstab file so it can be mounted automatically at boot time or by issuing 'mount -a' command.

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